Application of nanotechnology to oncology


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Katherine Vallis1
1Gray Institute for Radiation Oncology & Biology, Oxford, UK

Abstract

Nanotechnology is the science of the very small, on the scale of 1 to 100 nanometers. Many materials, including metals, polymers and carbon, acquire unique properties when engineered at the nanoscale, rendering them suitable for the development of nanomedicines and nanodiagnostics. Nanotechnology is being applied to oncology in several ways such as drug discovery, diagnostics, drug delivery, imaging and therapeutics. Targeted nanoparticle medicines are beginning to enter clinical trial with at least one, BIND-014, now advancing to Phase II. Current challenges, progress and prospects in cancer nanomedicine will be discussed in this session.