Integrated pharmacodynamic analysis identifies two metabolic adaption pathways to metformin in breast cancer
Session type: Poster / e-Poster / Silent Theatre session
Epidemiological studies have shown that treatment of type 2 diabetes with metformin is associated with reduced cancer risk and phase 3 trials investigating metformin as a cancer therapy are underway. However, there remains controversy as to the mode of action of metformin in tumours at clinical doses.
To investigate this we recruited 40 patients with primary breast cancer to a clinical study that integrated measurement of markers of systemic metabolism, dynamic FDG-PET-CT and tumour transcriptomics and metabolomics at paired time points to profile the bioactivity of metformin.
We show metformin reduces the levels of mitochondrial metabolites in tumours, activates multiple mitochondrial metabolic pathways and increases 18-FDG flux into the primary tumour. We identify two tumour groups with distinct metabolic responses, an OXPHOS transcriptional response group (OTR) for which there is an increase in OXPHOS gene transcription and an FDG response group (FR) with increased 18-FDG uptake. Increase in proliferation, as measured by a validated proliferation signature, suggested patients in the OTR group were resistant to metformin treatment. There was no observed correlation between metformin’s effects on host metabolism and its tumour specific effects.
We conclude that mitochondrial response to metformin in primary breast cancer may define anti-tumour effect.