Introduction: Cancer awareness and early diagnosis: International perspectives


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Amanda Ramirez1
1King's College London, London, UK

Abstract

Poor awareness of symptoms and negative beliefs about cancer and its treatment are likely to be major risk factors for delay in presentation with cancer. Delays lead to patients being diagnosed with more advanced disease and thus experiencing poor 1-year and 5-year survival rates and avoidable deaths. This could explain at least some of the differences in cancer outcomes between rich and poor and between those from black and minority ethnic populations and Caucasians that have been observed in the United Kingdom. It could also account for the differences in survival between the United Kingdom and other countries found by EUROCARE and the International Cancer Benchmarking Partnership. We will examine the evidence for international differences in cancer awareness and beliefs. They may highlight remediable causes of survival differences to inform the development of cancer policy in the United Kingdom and other countries.