Needle oophropexy: a new simple technique for ovarian transposition prior to pelvic irradiation


Session type:

Waheed Gareer, Zeiad Gad

National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Egypt


Treatment of some cancers has permitted the consideration of salvaging the reproductive function of premenopausal female patients. To protect the ovaries, an oophoropexy may be performed, which involves moving the ovaries away from the pelvic lymph node fields.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, morbidity, and efficacy of laparoscopic ovarian transposition using simple percutaneous needle technique.

A laparoscopic technique has been described that allows transposition of the ovaries just prior to pelvic radiation. This is a report of the outcome of ten patients (seven with rectal cancer and three with Hodjkins disease) who underwent laparoscopic oophoropexy at the National Cancer Institute, Cairo University. Three were excluded from analysis, because two died and the third had a second malignancy for which radiation was aborted. The operative technique consisted of laparoscopic releasing of the ovary through cutting the uteroovarian ligament followed by placing the ovaries on the anterior abdominal wall medially and above the anterior superior iliac spine. Percutaneous straight needle is introduced through 2 mm skin incision at site of fixation. Repositioning of the ovaries has been simply done through cutting the subcutaneous suture using local anesthesia on outpatient basis without the need for readmission to the operating theatre.

The technique showed its effectiveness, reliability and simplicity with no morbidities. The mean time was ten minutes and patients returned home day of surgery. At follow-up, these seven patients had evidence of ovarian function, and the five patients of these seven who desired children achieved pregnancies.

Percutaneous needle transposition is simple, effective, reliable, and easy technique for both ovarian transposition and repositioning. It has short learning curve and can be easily done by less experienced laparoscopic surgeons.