A143: Oral cancer among young patients of 35 years of age and below
1Department of Surgical Oncology, King Georges Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India,2Director, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India,3Department of Radiotherapy, King Georges Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India,4Institute for Data Computing and Training, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
The incidence of oral cancer is considered to be between 40 to 70 years. Oral cancer in patients younger than 40 years ranged from 4-6%.
A retrospective study of oral cancer patients who had received treatment (between January 2010 to December 2014) in Department of Surgical Oncology, King George's Medical University (KGMU), Lucknow, UP, India were inducted in the study. The cases of alveolus, tongue, floor of mouth, retromolar trigone, palate, buccal mucosa and gingivobuccal sulcus were included in the study. Proportion Z test for corrections (Zc) or chi-square (?2) test were used wherever applicable.
A total of 133 oral cases, 114 (85.7%) were males and 19 (14.3%) were females. Oral cancer was significantly higher in tobacco users than non tobacco users. Buccal mucosa and gingivobuccalsulcus (BM & GBS) was most prevalent subsite followed by tongue. Oral cancer at both BM & GBS/tongue was significantly higher than other subsites (alveolus/floor of mouth/Palate/Retromolar triagone). The presentation of patients at stage III & IV was significantly higher than stage I& II.
There is a statistically significant co-relation of tobacco use and oral cancer in young patients. Tobacco consumption may be a potential etiological factor for the occurrence of oral cancer despite shorter period of tobacco consumption.